Anti-Globalization was defended as “a belief shared by various political groups that people must oppose globalization (=the process of making something such as a business operate in different countries around the world) because of bad effects it has on people, especially in developing countries, and because of the damage it does to the environment” – the Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English Advanced Learner’s.
Almost the anti-globalization activities are spontaneous, the people whose benefit was affected stood up then performed the anti-globalization activities such as demonstration, ask for relieveaˆ¦ In fact, the activities which are opposite to globalization can be divided into 2 groups: Anti-Globalization and Alter-Globalization.
The anti-globalization group directly opposes to the globalization activities; they think that the movement of people over the frontier must be controlled strictly; explorer other country’s natural resources and human resources are not permitted. This group argued that biodiversity and natural resources can be damaged permanently; and mainly call for democratic representation, advancement of human rights and more egalitarian states.
The targets of this group are the World Bank (WB), International Monetary Fund (IMF), the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and the World Trade Organization (WTO) and free trade treaties like the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA), the Multilateral Agreement on Investment (MAI) and the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS).
Alter-globalization is the name of a social movement that supports global cooperation and interaction, but which opposes the negative effects of economic globalization, feeling that it often works to the detriment of, or does not adequately promote, human values such as environmental and climate protection, economic justice, labor protection, protection of indigenous cultures and human rights. – Wikipedia
The different between anti-globalization and alter-globalization is anti-globalization against any kinds of globalization but the alter-globalization just mentioned about human rights, the environment, national sovereignty, and cultural diversity and so on.
There are 2 popular forums for anti globalization: World Social Forum and World Economic Forum.
Chapter 2: Why anti-globalization still exist?
To analyst the reverses of globalization, we focus on three objects that the globalization affected to: local companies, local population, and the local economic.
Firstly, the local firms:
When the nation open to globalization too soon, and too sudden, the local firms had not prepare enough to face with the competitive of over sea corporations will go to bankruptcy easily. It is easy to find the example for Chuong Duong company
Secondly, the local population:
If the globalization incurred, local firms go bankrupt will cause the unemployment, the new organizations which had not established enough yet can not hired these new unemployees, this cause the high unemployment rate. This is the main reason for indigent at Africa.
Disease can move from country to country very fast because the people can travel to other countries by air, by bus, trains or other transportation in the short time. This cause the diseases spread very fast and became the reason of thousand cases of dead at 2006 for bird flu from Indonesia and spread to other countries, 774 cases for SARS in 2003 at China and other East Asia countries, millions people dead because AIDSaˆ¦
Brain drain: talent will go out of the poor countries to the richer’s. This situation can be seen much at Africa, India and many poor countries all over the world. These countries finance to these students to go over sea study but they have never come back after graduated.
Thirdly: local economic:
The economic can not stable: when the nation join to the world’s market, it will be easy affect by the world situation, let came back to the crisis at 1997, the economic of the world had been affected.
The developed countries force the developing countries to reduce trade barrier but they keep for themselves by hamper the developing countries to export agriculture products which are very important for they to receive foreign currency earning.
If the nation opens the market too soon, sooner than establishing of the local organizations, the creating new jobs will less than the loss. The export of this nation will not develop, the import infringe instead, deficit become serious day after day. This nation will poorer and poorer.
Finally: the local society:
The develop countries will export the pollution to the developing and undeveloped countries by invest the pollution goods industries, second hand goodsaˆ¦ to these countries.
Chapter 3: Advantages and disadvantages of anti- globalization:
Anti-globalization can warn to the world the significant problems of the world such as warming of the earth, pollution, forest destroy, greenhouse affect, and so on. So that the governments and organizations can perform the actions to reduce these affects.
Pollution: as many countries
The war at Iraq and others
To disclosure the truth that have never disclosure themselves of IMF, WB, WTOaˆ¦
Anti-globalization also calls for help the world: when the actives raise the problems, the people all over the world can catch them then they may perform some activities to solve these problems.
The demonstrations affected to social securities, many people die due to the extremist actions of the demonstration activities. The governments also have to perform many actions to control these extremist activities.
The power of the voice of the anti-globalization still weak, the persuade ability of this organization also weak, can not appeal large group of people to do things, almost the activist just stand alone or just at a small group.
The anti-globalization are always action without organization, they just a group of people who were hurt by the activities of one organization then stand up and perform anti actions.
Lack of evidence:
Lack of effective:
Chapter 4: The anti-globalization activities at Vietnam:
In general, the anti-globalization activities of Vietnam are not many. This is because Vietnam performs globalization too late. After 30 Apr 1975, Vietnam was achieved to be an independence country. Almost people agreed that during ten years after the independence date was the black period of Vietnam economic. Almost activities become stagnation; famine incur in many areas event at Mekong delta which was the biggest farm in the country; education, health care and other social welfare were totally ignored.
The globalization of Vietnam begins at 1986 with the open market policy name “socialist-oriented market economy”. Thank to this policy, the economic of Vietnam reversed, farmers got his own land (event in temporary) for manufacturing and alive. Up to Dec 2001, US-Vietnam Bilateral Agreement was signed; this is the very important step for recover the economic and became the first step to join into World Trade Organization (WTO).
These are just some activities at Vietnam for this event: to strike for higher rate of pay in the industrial zone Binh Duong province and Bien Hoa city at 2008 for some Taiwan firms;
According to Yin Yang theory of Chinese, every thing has 2 faces: positive and negative, the existing of anti-globalization also belongs to this theory, anti-globalization will exist parallel with globalization, this also the rules of the existing: “opposition to develop, and develop must contain opposition”.
Einstein also issued the theory for relative: every thing